<div class=media-desc><strong>Cold treatments for kids</strong><p>What do you do when your child has a cold? Dr. Alan Greene explains ways to treat your child's cough, sore throat, and congestion.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Breast feeding</strong><p>Breast milk contains the appropriate amounts of carbohydrates, protein, and fat, and provides, minerals, vitamins, and hormones that infants require. Breast milk also contains antibodies from the mother that can help the baby resist infections.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>How to stop bedwetting</strong><p>Learn causes of bedwetting and how to break the bedwetting cycle.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Diaper rash</strong><p>Candida, a yeast organism, may cause a skin infection beneath an infant's diaper which appears as bright red patches.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Childhood obesity</strong><p>Dr. Alan Greene explains why obesity is a serious health problem for kids.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Childhood obesity</strong><p>Studies indicate obese children overwhelmingly tend to stay overweight into adulthood.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Adenoid removal</strong><p>Why do the adenoids need to be removed?The adenoids are glands, located between the airway your child breathes into through their nose, and the back of your child's throat. Like your child's tonsils, the adenoids can often become swollen. When this happens, your child's airway can become blocked, and he may have trouble breathing through his nose.
</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Teach children to brush</strong><p>Healthy teeth and gums are essential to a child's overall good health. Without proper dental care tooth decay and gum disease can lead to serious problems such as cavities and gingivitis, swollen and bleeding gums. Regular visits to the dentist, brushing twice each day, and flossing, are ways to help maintain a healthy mouth.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)</strong><p>A lot of kids are what we call high energy. They seem to bounce off walls and find it impossible to sit still. For some kids, though, overactive and impulsive behaviors are severe enough to affect their schoolwork and home life. These kids may have a condition called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Newborn test</strong><p>The newborn is commonly assessed with the APGAR score, a quick test performed at 1 and 5 minutes after birth to determine the physical condition of the newborn. The five categories assessed are heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color. Each of these categories is scored 0, 1, or 2, depending on the observed condition of the newborn.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Diarrhea</strong><p>Diarrhea isn't something most people want to talk about, much less have. Not only can diarrhea be uncomfortable, with gas, bloating, and that mad dash to the toilet, but it's a sign that you're either sick, or you've eaten something that really didn't agree with you. With diarrhea, the stools become loose and watery instead of solid. If you have diarrhea, there's a good chance you picked up a stomach virus. Or, you may have gotten food poisoning from eating food or drinking water that was contaminated with bacteria. 
</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Infant immunizations</strong><p>Immunizations (vaccinations) are given to initiate or augment resistance to an infectious disease. Immunizitions provide a specialized form of immunity that provides long-lasting protection against specific antigens, such as certain diseases.  Routine immunizations are administered with a needle since they need to be given right into the muscle.  Reducing the level of anxiety for your child is perhaps the best way to help limit the pain during a vaccine.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Ear infection - acute</strong><p>Ear infections are one of the most common reasons parents take their children to the doctor. The most common type is called otitis media, which means an inflammation and infection of the middle ear. The middle ear is located just behind the eardrum.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Developmental milestones</strong><p>Some of the developmental characteristics of a healthy 2-month-old baby include turning the head to locate sounds, visually fixing on close objects, vocally responding to familiar voices and smiling in response to stimuli. </p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Infant formulas</strong><p>Deciding to feed your baby breast milk or formula is a personal matter. If you do choose formula, it's designed to be a nutritional source of food for infants. Let's talk about infant formula. A variety of formulas are available for infants younger than 12 months old. Infant formulas vary in nutrients, calorie count, taste, ability to be digested, and cost. Standard milk-based formulas are made with cow's milk protein that has been changed to be more like breast milk. These formulas contain lactose and minerals from cow's milk, along with vegetable oils, minerals, and vitamins. </p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Sunburn</strong><p>Sunburn results when the amount of exposure to the sun or other ultraviolet light source exceeds the ability of the body's protective pigment, melanin, to protect the skin. A serious sunburn is as serious as a thermal burn, and may have the same systemic effects such as blistering, edema and fever.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Asthma - children</strong><p>Asthma is caused by swelling and other signs of inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swells. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by the bronchioles, or small tubes, of the lung. Most asthma attacks are caused by triggers, such as pollen, dust mites, mold, pet dander, cockroaches, tobacco smoke, and exercise.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Spitting up</strong><p>Spitting up is common and occurs frequently during infancy. Spitting up does not indicate a problem unless the baby is choking on the food, or is spitting up excessively large amounts of food.</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Tonsillitis</strong><p>So, what causes tonsillitis? The tonsils are small, dimpled, golf ball-like nodes on either side of the back of your child's throat. They normally help to filter out bacteria and other germs to prevent infection in the body. If the tonsils become so overwhelmed with bacteria from strep throat or a viral infection, they can swell and become inflamed, causing tonsillitis. 
</p></div><div class=media-desc><strong>Thumbsucking</strong><p>Thumbsucking is a normal activity with its peak occurrence at about age two. Thumbsucking can be an important source of pleasure for an infant and is usually nothing to worry about since a child will usually grow out of the habit. If thumbsucking occurs past age 4, dental problems may occur such as malocclusion. Malocclusion is the abnormal contact between the teeth of the upper and lower jaw.</p></div>
Pediatric Health Library

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